anno 2012

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anno 2012
Testo gara Eng 12
18-01-2012
19:48
Pagina 47
Kangourou Italia - LCCI
Gara dell’1 marzo 2012
Categoria RED KANG ORDINARIA
Per studenti della classe quinta
della Scuola Secondaria di Secondo grado
Categoria GREY KANGAROO SPECIALE
Per studenti della classe seconda
della Scuola Secondaria di Secondo Grado
JETSET LEVEL FIVE
READING TEST
TEMPO MASSIMO CONCESSO: 90 MINUTI
YOU NEED:
◆ This question paper
◆ An answer sheet
◆ A black pen
You may NOT use a dictionary
Do NOT open this paper until you are told to do so.
Try to answer ALL the questions.
INSTRUCTIONS:
◆ Read each question carefully.
◆ Select the correct answer and then mark your selection on your answer sheet
◆ Only mark one answer for each question.
Questa prima parte è formata da 60 domande a scelta multipla.
Il punteggio massimo ottenibile, relativamente a questa parte, è di 100 punti.
Kangourou della Lingua Inglese 2012
Pag. 47
Testo gara Eng 12
18-01-2012
19:48
Pagina 48
Part One
Read the text and then select the best heading (A, B, C or D) for each paragraph from the
options given on the following page. Mark your answers on your answer sheet.
VITAMIN SUPPLEMENTS
1.
______________________________________________
If you have a healthy diet you shouldn’t need to take vitamin supplements, but if you have a busy
lifestyle, it can be hard to eat well and this is where vitamin supplements can be of benefit.
Supplements are also beneficial if you’re on a calorie-controlled diet, are vegetarian or vegan, pregnant or a smoker. Older people, children and people with chronic illnesses may also benefit.
2.
______________________________________________
Vitamin D is essential to a healthy body as it supports bone health and other functions, in fact research suggests that vitamin D can help to slow down DNA ageing. We get most of our vitamin D from
the rays of the sun, but it can be hard to get all we need in winter. So to keep your skin free of wrinkles make sure you eat plenty of oily fish and eggs which are both rich in vitamin D.
3.
______________________________________________
As an antioxidant, vitamin C helps to support the immune system. If you have a healthy immune
system you are more likely to be able to fight off infections. It is also essential for the continuing
maintenance of bones, teeth, skin and blood cells as well as helping to relieve stress. The
Recommended Daily Amount (RDA) is 60mg, although it’s safe to take up to 1g per day.
4.
______________________________________________
Getting enough vitamin B12 may play a part in keeping the brain healthy in old age, according to a
recent study. The study suggests that older people with average B12 levels were more likely to
maintain a healthy brain function. Further research is planned to find out if B12 supplementation
could help to slow down brain shrinkage as we age.
5.
______________________________________________
Vitamin K is important in helping calcium bind to the bones. There are several types of vitamin K
and research in the Netherlands, focusing on the K2 form of this essential vitamin, has found it to
be particularly of benefit to middle-aged women, who are at risk of developing a bone disease called osteoporosis.
Pag. 48
Kangourou della Lingua Inglese 2012
Testo gara Eng 12
18-01-2012
19:48
Pagina 49
Part One (continued)
1.
A
B
C
D
Dieting
The dangers of smoking
A meatless diet
Who needs extra vitamins?
2.
A
B
C
D
Stay out of the sun
How much should I take?
Stay youthful
Nutrition
3.
A
B
C
D
Stress relief
Vital research
The importance of vitamin C
The safest supplement
4.
A
B
C
D
A healthy mind
Good for the heart
Slowing down
Getting older
5.
A
B
C
D
Middle-age
The effects of vitamin K
Essential Vitamins
New research
Kangourou della Lingua Inglese 2012
Pag. 49
Testo gara Eng 12
18-01-2012
19:48
Pagina 50
Part Two
Read ‘Vitamin Supplements’ again and select True (A), False (B) or Not Mentioned in Text (C).
Mark your answers on your answer sheet.
6.
Everybody should take vitamin supplements.
A = True
B = False
C = Not mentioned in text
7.
Busy people are more likely to need vitamin supplements.
A = True
B = False
C = Not mentioned in text
8.
Most of our vitamin D comes from the food we eat.
A = True
B = False
C = Not mentioned in text
9.
Oily fish is a good source of vitamin D.
A = True
B = False
C = Not mentioned in text
10.
Vitamin C is an antioxidant.
A = True
B = False
C = Not mentioned in text
11.
Lack of vitamin C can affect the memory.
A = True
B = False
C = Not mentioned in text
12.
Lack of vitamin B12 may affect brain function.
A = True
B = False
C = Not mentioned in text
13.
Vitamin B12 is less easily absorbed by older people.
A = True
B = False
C = Not mentioned in text
14.
Vitamin K prevents calcium from binding to the bones.
A = True
B = False
C = Not mentioned in text
15.
Women in the Netherlands run a high risk of developing osteoporosis.
A = True
B = False
C = Not mentioned in text
Pag. 50
Kangourou della Lingua Inglese 2012
Testo gara Eng 12
18-01-2012
19:48
Pagina 51
Part Three
Pick the word(s) closest in meaning to these words from ‘Vitamin Supplements’. Mark your
answers (A, B, C or D) on your answer sheet.
16.
beneficial
A
B
C
D
useless
expensive
fattening
helpful
17.
essential
A
B
C
D
lively
unnecessary
necessary
good
18.
stress
A
B
C
D
anxiety
pain
discomfort
symptoms
19.
average
A
B
C
D
high
normal
abnormal
low
20.
particularly
A
B
C
D
partly
mainly
seldom
only
Kangourou della Lingua Inglese 2012
Pag. 51
Testo gara Eng 12
18-01-2012
19:48
Pagina 52
Part Four
Fill in the gaps in the conversation by selecting the correct answer (A, B, C or D). Mark your
answers on your answer sheet.
Welcome back, Mrs Hamilton. 21 ______________ you for
weeks. 22 ____________on holiday?
Yes.23 _________________ from Malta. I was there for three
months. Usually 24 ____________ for just a fortnight but this
year 25 _____________ to stay longer.
Lovely.26 __________________ your hair cut while you
were away?
No. I thought it 27 ________________ best to wait until I got
home. 28 _______________________ to this salon since you
opened ten years ago.
29 _______________________ anybody else to cut my hair!
Thanks Mrs Hamilton, that’s the best compliment anyone
30 __________________ me
Pag. 52
Kangourou della Lingua Inglese 2012
Testo gara Eng 12
18-01-2012
19:48
Pagina 53
Part Four (continued)
21.
A
B
C
D
I
I
I
I
have seen
haven’t seen
see
saw
22.
A
B
C
D
Will you go
Had you been
Have you been
Do you go
23.
A
B
C
D
I’ve just come back
I’ll just come back
I came back
I’d come back
24.
A
B
C
D
I went
I go
I’ve been going
I’m going
25.
A
B
C
D
I have decided
I’ll decide
I decide
I decided
26.
A
B
C
D
Are you having
Will you have
Should you have
Did you have
27.
A
B
C
D
shall be
should be
can be
would be
28.
A
B
C
D
I
I
I
I
29.
A
B
C
D
I want
I don’t want
I wanted
I’ve wanted
30.
A
B
C
D
has ever paid
had ever paid
pays
has never paid
came
have been coming
come
am coming
Kangourou della Lingua Inglese 2012
Pag. 53
Testo gara Eng 12
18-01-2012
19:48
Pagina 54
Part Five
Read this text about Snowdon Rescue. Fill the numbered gaps by selecting A, B, C or D.
Mark your answers on your answer sheet.
SNOWDON RESCUE
Three inexperienced climbers injured 31 _________________ yesterday, one of them
32 _______________, when they fell down a steep gorge on Mount Snowdon. They were
reported missing when they failed to return to their hotel last night. They survived sub-zero temperatures and one climber had kept 33 __________ and the others warm by digging a hole in
the snow.
Rescuers 34 ___________ battle through one of the 35 ______________ snowstorms in years
to reach the three men. ‘They were unprepared for the bad weather and 36 ____________
have checked the forecast before they set off,’ said a member of the rescue party. ‘Yesterday’s
weather was 37 __________________ for climbing. You
38 ________________ see more than two metres in front of you. It was
39 ___________________ for climbing.’ Another rescuer warned that climbers
40 ____________________ be more cautious when planning difficult climbs in such weather,
or there will be more deaths on the mountain.
Pag. 54
Kangourou della Lingua Inglese 2012
Testo gara Eng 12
18-01-2012
19:48
Pagina 55
Part Five (continued)
31.
A
C
himself
themselves
B
D
myself
ourselves
32.
A
C
quite well
quite good
B
D
quite badly
quite bad
33.
A
C
himself
themselves
B
D
myself
ourselves
34.
A
C
ought to
must
B
D
had to
have to
35.
A
C
bad
worse
B
D
better
worst
36.
A
C
should
ought
B
D
shall
must
37.
A
C
foggy enough
foggier
B
D
too foggy
foggiest
38.
A
C
can’t
shouldn’t
B
D
couldn’t
wouldn’t
39.
A
C
too safe
not safe enough
B
D
safe enough
very safe
40.
A
would
B
could
C
must
D
can
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Part Six
In the following sentences one of the words underlined needs to be replaced by another
word or words. Select the word that needs to be replaced (A, B, C or D) and mark your
answers on your answer sheet.
41.
The orchestra was as(A) quiet that the audience could(B) hardly(C) hear anything(D).
42.
‘You won’t(A) be allowed(B) to go out tonight unless(C) you cleaned(D) your room’!
43.
I have(A) to take Jason to(B) the hospital yesterday because(C) he had cut his hand
badly(D).
44.
I live(A) in Bristol since(B) I left(C) university six years ago(D).
45.
My sister has been learning(A) Spanish for(B) three years now(C) and she already(D)
can’t count to ten!
Kangourou della Lingua Inglese 2012
Pag. 55
Testo gara Eng 12
18-01-2012
19:48
Pagina 56
Part Seven
Read this article on bicycles. Then read each statement on the following page and decide
whether they are true (A) false (B) or not mentioned in the text (C). Mark your answers on
your answer sheet.
Bicycles
The word ‘bicycle’ is derived from the Latin bi meaning ‘two’ and the Greek ‘kyklos’ meaning ‘circle’
or ‘wheel’. A bicycle is a pedal-driven, two-wheeled vehicle, consisting of a metal frame mounted on
two large, wire-spoked wheels, with handlebars in front and a seat between the front and back wheels.
The first bicycle was seen in Paris in 1791. Unlike modern bicycles, it was made of wood and had
a fixed front wheel so it couldn’t be steered. The rider had to press his feet alternately on the ground
in a kind of waddling, pushing motion. Several different versions were made over the following years
but they, too, were difficult to use and not very popular.
In 1839 a Scotsman called Macmillan designed the first chain-driven bicycle. Instead of modifying
an existing machine, he produced a new design with foot pedals driving the rear wheel. By the end
of the nineteenth century bicycles had wire wheels, metal frames and rubber tyres. The tyres were
made of solid rubber until pneumatic tyres, filled with air, were invented by J B Dunlop in 1888.
Different methods of stopping or braking were also developed. The first brake was a kind of spoon
which was applied to the tyre by the rider pulling on a cord attached to the handlebars.
Long distances could be covered on these later cycles. In 1888 a ‘Geared Facile’ machine was ridden over 290 miles in less than twenty-four hours, and in 1890 the journey from London to Brighton
and back, a distance of about 120 miles, could be completed in eight hours. By the late 1900s the
bicycle had ceased to be merely a novel status symbol and was becoming a cheap and practical
form of personal transport. Mass production of the bicycle began and by 1914 the practical utility
bicycle was being assembled from 300 separate parts.
Today, the bicycle is seen as an energy-efficient, non-polluting form of transport, and it is estimated
that 800 million bicycles are in use throughout the world – twice the number of cars in existence. It
seems that the bicycle is the preferred mode of transport for the future - China, India, Denmark and
the Netherlands are all countries with a high use of bicycles.
The science fiction writer H G Wells, himself a keen cyclist, once said, ‘When I see an adult on a
bicycle, I have hope for the human race.’
Pag. 56
Kangourou della Lingua Inglese 2012
Testo gara Eng 12
18-01-2012
19:48
Pagina 57
Part Seven (continued)
46.
The word ‘bicycle’ comes from two different languages.
A = True
B = False
C = Not mentioned in text
47.
The writer describes what a bicycle looks like.
A = True
B = False
C = Not mentioned in text
48.
The first bicycle was steered using the feet.
A = True
B = False
C = Not mentioned in text
49.
The first bicycle was very popular.
A = True
B = False
C = Not mentioned in text
50.
Macmillan modified an existing machine.
A = True
B = False
C = Not mentioned in text
51.
Pneumatic tyres were cheaper to produce than solid tyres.
A = True
B = False
C = Not mentioned in text
52.
The ‘spoon’ brake was first used on solid tyres.
A = True
B = False
C = Not mentioned in text
53.
Bicycles have become increasingly popular.
A = True
B = False
C = Not mentioned in text
54.
In the future, most bicycles will be made in China.
A = True
B = False
C = Not mentioned in text
55.
H G Wells approved of bicycles.
A = True
B = False
C = Not mentioned in text
Kangourou della Lingua Inglese 2012
Pag. 57
Testo gara Eng 12
18-01-2012
19:48
Pagina 58
Part Eight
Read the following newspaper article and answer the questions on the next page by selecting A, B, C or D. Mark your answers on your answer sheet.
The heaviest April snowfall for twenty years blanketed much of Britain yesterday, bringing
chaos to roads and trapping air travellers on grounded flights.
Spring was put on hold as the country braced itself for a grim week of hail, sleet and snow,
with forecasters predicting blizzards and plummeting temperatures.
From Scotland to the south coast, millions yesterday woke up to thick snow. Areas of southern England were under 8 centimetres of snow as winter roared back with a vengeance to
leave many areas colder than Alaska or Iceland.
Three people were killed in a spate of accidents caused by the blizzard conditions, while
around 220 flights were cancelled and many more delayed. Coastguards rescued the crews
of two boats lost in the Solent in a blizzard and a 32 foot yacht with six people on board suffered engine failure and was towed to Bembridge, Isle of Wight, after radioing for help.
The Meteorological Office warned that freezing conditions in central England, Wales and
Scotland overnight will create dangerous driving conditions today, and motorists were warned
not to travel unless absolutely necessary.
Pag. 58
Kangourou della Lingua Inglese 2012
Testo gara Eng 12
18-01-2012
19:48
Pagina 59
Part Eight (continued)
56.
The snow
A
B
C
D
57.
The country
A
B
C
D
58.
deeper than Alaska or Iceland.
over 8cm deep.
under 8cm deep.
8cm deep.
The snow affected travel by
A
B
C
D
60.
is preparing itself for bad weather.
predicting the weather.
is waiting for spring.
is holding on to its braces.
In Southern England the snow was
A
B
C
D
59.
is heavier than it was twenty years ago.
has not been this heavy for twenty years.
is the first for twenty years.
is always heavy in April.
road and sea only.
rail, road and sea.
air and road only.
air, road and sea.
Motorists were warned
A
B
C
D
not to travel.
to wait for better weather.
only to make necessary journeys.
to do what was necessary.
Kangourou della Lingua Inglese 2012
Pag. 59
Testo gara Eng 12
18-01-2012
19:48
Pagina 60
Kangourou Italia - LCCI
Gara dell’1 marzo 2012
Categoria RED KANG ORDINARIA
Per studenti della classe quinta
della Scuola Secondaria di Secondo grado
Categoria GREY KANGAROO SPECIALE
Per studenti della classe seconda
della Scuola Secondaria di Secondo Grado
JETSET LEVEL FIVE
LISTENING TEST
TEMPO STIMATO CIRCA 20 MINUTI
YOU NEED:
◆ This question paper
◆ An answer sheet
◆ A black pen
You may NOT use a dictionary
Do NOT open this paper until you are told to do so.
Try to answer ALL the questions.
INSTRUCTIONS:
◆ Listento each question carefully.
◆ Select the correct answer and then mark your selection on your answer sheet
◆ Only mark one answer for each question.
Questa seconda parte è formata da 30 domande a scelta multipla.
Il punteggio massimo ottenibile, relativamente a questa parte, è di 100 punti.
Eseguire “Track 4” del disco 1.
Pag. 60
Kangourou della Lingua Inglese 2012
Testo gara Eng 12
18-01-2012
19:48
Pagina 61
Part One
Listen to this extract from a radio programme. Read the statements and answer True (A),
False (B) or Unknown (C). Mark your answers on your answer sheet.
61.
62.
63.
64.
65.
Ian Fleming was very young when his father died.
A = True
B = False
C = Unknown
His brother Peter also became a writer.
A = True
B = False
C = Unknown
Fleming went to Geneva to improve his German.
A = True
B = False
C = Unknown
Fleming spent two years in Moscow.
A = True
B = False
C = Unknown
Fleming was discontent with his wartime office job.
A = True
B = False
C = Unknown
66.
Moonraker was the second Bond book to be published.
A = True
B = False
C = Unknown
67.
He and his wife had an extravagant lifestyle in Jamaica.
A = True
B = False
C = Unknown
68.
Harry Saltzman wanted Sean Connery to play Bond.
A = True
B = False
C = Unknown
69.
Fleming died when he was in his fifties.
A = True
B = False
C = Unknown
Fleming was buried in Jamaica.
A = True
B = False
C = Unknown
70.
Kangourou della Lingua Inglese 2012
Pag. 61
Testo gara Eng 12
18-01-2012
19:48
Pagina 62
Part Two
Read each question, listen to the recording and select the correct answer (A, B, C or D). Mark
your answer on your answer sheet.
71.
What will be the main topic of discussion?
A
B
C
D
72.
How many ‘advantages’ does Robert Green mention?
A
B
C
D
73.
one
two
three
four
People’s main complaint about wind turbines is that they are…
A
B
C
D
74.
solar power
wind power
nuclear power
tidal power
unattractive
expensive
noisy
ineffective
Which of these statements is true?
A
B
C
D
Pag. 62
10% of Britain’s electricity is currently supplied by tidal power
10% of the USA’s electricity is currently supplied by tidal power
a wind turbine supplies less electricity than a tidal turbine of the same size
tidal turbines transform the density of the water
Kangourou della Lingua Inglese 2012
Testo gara Eng 12
18-01-2012
19:48
Pagina 63
Part Two continued
75.
When was the last large scale tidal power project completed?
A
B
C
D
76.
People’s main worry about tidal turbines is that they are…
A
B
C
D
77.
research
project
turbines
damage
300 kilowatts
1.2 megawatts
2.3 megawatts
10.5 megawatts
Which of these statements about the Severn Barrage project is not true?
A
B
C
D
80.
the
the
the
the
What is the capacity of the Northern Ireland project?
A
B
C
D
79.
unattractive
expensive
noisy
ineffective
What cost two million dollars in 2007?
A
B
C
D
78.
last year
two years ago
forty years ago
forty-two years ago
the River Severn has the highest tidal range in the world
the barrage would be over nine miles long
the barrage would cost over ten billion pounds
it could provide more than 5% of the electricity usage of England and Wales
What information is not given by the announcer at the end?
A
B
C
D
The
The
The
The
name of the programme
name of the presenter
day the programme will be repeated
time the programme will be repeated
Kangourou della Lingua Inglese 2012
Pag. 63
Testo gara Eng 12
18-01-2012
19:48
Pagina 64
Part Three
Listen to these people talking about their leisure interests. What do they like to do in their
spare time? Read each question, listen to the recordings and select the correct answer (A,
B, C or D). Mark your answer on your answer sheet.
81.
A
B
C
D
netball
tennis
badminton
football
86.
A
B
C
D
interior design
gardening
painting
pottery
82.
A
B
C
D
sailing
swimming
water polo
canoeing
87.
A
B
C
D
going to the cinema
watching TV
playing games
watching sport
83.
A
B
C
D
skiing
potholing
climbing
walking
88.
A
B
C
D
local history
pottery
jewellery making
travelling
84.
A
B
C
D
running
cycling
rowing
exercising
89.
A
B
C
D
running
jogging
cycling
walking
85.
A
B
C
D
going to the theatre
acting
solving crimes
speech-making
90.
A
B
C
D
learning French
travelling
canoeing
French cookery
Pag. 64
Kangourou della Lingua Inglese 2012

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