Quando si usa
To do significa fare in generale,
senza specificare esattamente di
che cosa si tratta.
What are you doing
(Che cosa fai questa sera?)
Si usa to do quando si parla del
lavoro, degli studi, di un compito
specifico che si svolge.
What do you do?
(Che lavoro fai?)
I'm doing a research on
(Sto facendo una ricerca su
I must do the ironing.
Si usa to do per gli sport praticati
senza l’uso della palla, espressi da
I do aerobics.
(Faccio/ pratico l’aerobica.)
Si usa to do nelle seguenti
To do an exercise: fare un
To do someone a favour: fare un
favore a qualcuno
Could you do me a favour?
(Potresti farmi un favore?)
To do one's best: fare del proprio
You should do your best.
(Dovresti fare del tuo
To do the shopping: fare la spesa
I have a lot of homework to
To do the homework: fare i compiti do.
(Ho molti compiti da fare.)
To do the washing up: lavare i
Can you do the washing
(Puoi lavare i piatti?)
To do the cleaning: fare le pulizie
Si usa do/does/did come ausiliare
delle forme interrogative e negative
dei verbi non ausiliari al Simple
Present, al Simple Past e
Do you like dancing?
(Ti piace ballare?)
I don't like dancing.
(Non mi piace ballare)
I didn't go to the party last
(Non sono andato alla festa
You don't speak German,
(Non parli tedesco, vero?)
Lo si può usare anche in frasi
affermative, in questo caso ha lo
scopo di enfatizzare ciò che si sta
Yes, I do speak German!
(Ma si, parlo tedesco!
Do usato come ausiliare in
frase affermativa rafforza ciò
che si sta dicendo.)
When 'do' or 'make' are used as main verbs it can be confusing to ESL learners. The verb
'make' goes with some words and the verb 'do' with other words.
We use the verb 'do' when someone performs an action, activity or task.
do a crossword
do the ironing
do the laundry
do the washing
do the washing up
'Do' is often used when referring to work of any kind.
do your work
do your job
!Note - these activities do not usually produce a physical object.
'Do' for General Ideas
Use the verb 'do' when speaking about things in general. In other words, to describe an action without
saying exactly what the action is. This form is often used with the words 'something, nothing, anything,
I'm not doing anything today.
He does everything for his mother.
She's doing nothing.
Important Expressions with 'Do'
There are a number of standard expressions that take the verb 'do'. The best solution is to try to learn
do the dishes
do a favour
do time - (to go to prison)
do your best
do your hair
do your nails
do your worst
We use the verb 'make' for constructing, building or creating
make a dress
make a cup of tea / coffee
'Make' is often used when referring to preparing food of any kind.
make a meal - breakfast / lunch / dinner
!Note - these activities usually create something that you can touch.
Important Expressions with 'Make'
There are a number of standard expressions that take the verb 'make'. The best solution is to try to
make believe - (to pretend)
make a choice
make a comment
make a decision
make a difference
make an effort
make an enquiry
make an excuse
make a fool of yourself
make a fortune
make a fuss
make a journey
make a mess
make a mistake
make a move
make a noise
make a payment
make a phone call
make a plan
make a point
make a profit
make a promise
make a remark
make a sound
make a speech
make a suggestion
make a visit
make your bed - (to prepare the bed for sleeping in)
DO AND MAKE
a good job
the washing up
well / badly
up your mind
a phone call
fun of someone
some more exercises
1.-I hate the housework every day.
2.-She had to repeat the composition because she had a lot
of spelling mistakes.
3.-Be serious ,Why are you always fun of everything?
4.-They were so much noise that someone phoned the police
5.-I always the ironing and
she the washing up
6.-The bestman has to a speech
7.-Could you -----me a favour?
8.-I was the shopping when I met Rosemary
9.-I have an appointment with the dentist
10.-She always a delicious cake for my birthday
11.-The children always
their homework before watching tv
12.-My company a lot of money last year.
13.-She. a great effort and improved a lot
14.-I can´t exercise everyday but at least I walk an hour a day
15.-If you wear this hat everybody will -------fun of you
16. She an excellent suggestion bur nobody answered
17.-She is Law at Oxford University
18.-This a difficult decision to. but I thing it is necessary
19.-she a fortune by selling dolls
20.-I´ll sure he has understood