MILES - Rivista Militare :: Liberati i due francesi ostaggi dei pirati

Commenti

Transcript

MILES - Rivista Militare :: Liberati i due francesi ostaggi dei pirati
MILES − Rivista Militare :: Liberati i due francesi ostaggi dei pirati somali. LE FORZE SPECIALI
09/29/16
FRANCESI
16:28:06
Liberati i due francesi ostaggi dei pirati somali. LE FORZE SPECIALI FRANCESI
Special Operations & Counter Terrorist
Overview
Commandment des Operations
Speciales (COS)
Headquarterd at Taverny, COS
(Special Operations Command) is joint
service unit that draws on the special
operations forces of the three armed
services. Currently COS is composed
of the following units:
Armee de Terre−(Army) Units
The 1er Regiment Parachutiste
d'Infanterie de Marine (1er
RPIMa)−(1st Marine Parachute
Infantry Regiment)− is the French
Army's primary special operations unit,
and is the French equivalent to the US
Army's Special Forces, or British SAS.
The unit is tasked with conducting
three primary types of missions: special
instruction/assistance (Foreign Internal
Defense); direct action (DA); and
intelleligence gathering. It is also
capable of conducting counter terrorist
(CT) operations in conjuction with
GIGN.
The Detachment ALAT Operations
Speciales (DAOS) (French Army Light
Aviation Special Operations Aviation
Detachment) − is the French Army's
special operations aviation helicopter
unit. DAOS is currently composed of
two special operations helicopter
squadrons. The first squadron operates
Puma and Cougar transport helicopters,
while the second squadron operates
Gazelle gunships armed with 20mm
canonons. Future plans call for the unit
to be equipped with the new
Eurocopter Tiger gunship.
The Groupement Special Autonome
(GSA)−(Special Autonomous Group)
is a separate subcommand operating
within COS. Formed from the1er
RPIMa and DAOS, GSA operates in a
manner similar to USASOC (US Army
1/9
MILES − Rivista Militare :: Liberati i due francesi ostaggi dei pirati somali. LE FORZE SPECIALI
09/29/16
FRANCESI
16:28:06
Special Operations Command),
providing a unified command
headquarters, and standardizing
training procdeures for both units.
Marine Nationale−(Navy) Units
The "Commandos Marine" of the
Navy's Commandement des Fusiliers
Marins Commandos
(COFUSCO)−(Naval Rifle
Commandos) provide COS with a
naval special operations
component.Currently four naval assault
commandos; the Commando Hubert
combat diver unit; and the GCMC
naval counter terrorist unit assigned to
COS.
The four assault commandos are:
• Commando Trepel−
• Commando Jaubert−
• Commando de Monfort−
• Commando Penfentenyo−
At one time there was also a reserve
unit, Commando Francois, but it
appears to have been disbanded.
Each assault commando is composed
of approximately 80 men, who are
divided into four sections
(Command, Support, Assault, or
Reconnaissance). The assault
commandos are tasked with
performing beach recon, intelligence
gathering, ship assaults, small boat
operations, POW rescue, CSAR, and
acting as shock troops during
amphibious operations.
The GCMC (Goupement de Combat
en Milieu Clos)−(Close Quarters
Combat Group) is a 17 man force is
tasked with conducting maritime
counter terrorist (CT) missions.
GCMC operates in close conjunction
with Commando Hubert's CT team
(B−section).
Commando Hubert CASM
(Commmando Hubert: Commando
D'Action Sous Marine−Comando
Hubert: Underwater Action
2/9
MILES − Rivista Militare :: Liberati i due francesi ostaggi dei pirati somali. LE FORZE SPECIALI
09/29/16
FRANCESI
16:28:06
Commando) is the French Navy's
combat diver unit, and performs
missions similar to the US Navy
SEAL's, or British SBS. Commando
Hubert is divided into two
companies. The first company is
composed of 50 men divided into
four sections:
A−section: Command
B−section: Maritime Counter
Terrorism
C−section: Swimmer Delivery
Vehicle (SDV) section
D−section: Recon and heavy
weapons support
The second company provides both
maintenance and signal support to
Commando Hubert's operational
units. Future plans call for an
E−section to be formed using assets
drawn from A−section, and the
second company. E−section will
specialize in boat support with the
units Hurricane RIBs.
Armee de L'Air (Air Force) Units
The French Air Force contributes
several units to COS. The first of
these units is the DOS (Division Des
Operations Speciales)−(Special
Operations Division). DOS is the Air
Force's fixed wing special operations
aviation unit. The unit is uses
standard C−160 Transall transport
aircraft. Specially selected pilots,
and air crews are trained in at low
level flying techniques, and
conducting operatins while wearing
night vision goggles (NVGs).
The second Air Force unit assigned
to COS is the Escadrille Des
Helicopteres
Speciaux(EHS)−(Special Helicopter
Squadron). The EHS is the French
Air Force's special operations
helicopter unit. The squadron is
equipped with Puma transport, and
Puma gunship helicopters. It
performs both special operations,
and RESCO− (Combat Search and
3/9
MILES − Rivista Militare :: Liberati i due francesi ostaggi dei pirati somali. LE FORZE SPECIALI
09/29/16
FRANCESI
16:28:06
Rescue/ CSAR) missions in support
of French military forces.
Another Air Force unit that is
capable of providing aviation
support to COS units is the CEIT
(Centre d'Instruction des Equipages
de Transport − Airlift Crew training
Center). Specially trained CEIT
C−130 flight crews and aircraft are
are standby to assist COS operations
if necesasary. The unit is trained in
conducting low light, night and low
level operations, and works
externsively with COS units to help
standardize operational procedures.
The Commando Parachutiste De
l'Air10 (CPA 10)(Commando
Parachute Group No. 10) is the third
Air Force unit assigned to COS.
Composed of a specially trained
group of French "Air Commandos",
the unit performs missions similar to
those conducted by USAF Special
Tactics units− (Recherche et
Sauvetage au
Combat(RESCO−CSAR), airfield
seizure, forward air control, laser
target designation, pathfinding, and
airfield defense).
COS also maintains a large support
staff, a research and development
branch, and group of reservist who
trained in conducting psychological
and civil affairs operations.
In addtion to COS each armed
service, the Foreign Legion, the
National Police, the Gendarmarie,
and the DGSE maintain a number of
specialist units for conducting
special missions, and counter
terrorist operations.
Armee de Terre units
13eme Regiment de Dragons
Parachutistes(13eme RDP)−(13th
Regiment of Dragon Parachutists)−
is the French army's Long Range
Recon Patrol (LRRP) unit. It's
currently composed of seven
4/9
MILES − Rivista Militare :: Liberati i due francesi ostaggi dei pirati somali. LE FORZE SPECIALI
09/29/16
FRANCESI
16:28:06
squadrons, and operates under the
control of the Brigade de
Renseignment et de Guerre
Electronique(BGRE)−(Electronic
Warfare and Intelligence Brigade).
The unit specializes in operations in
Africa, but has recently started
focusing on operations in Europe.
They are also tasked with supporting
COS during joint operations.
The 11eme Divsion Parachutistes
(11eme DP)−(11th Parachute
Division)Groupement de
Commandos
Parachutistes(GCP)−(Commando
Parachute Group) is specially trained
unit of approxiamately 180
para−commandos. The unit is
composed of the division's former
Commando de Renseignement et
d'Action Profondeur (CRAP)(Deep
Recon and Action
Commando)teams. The GCP
performs LRRP missions,
pathfinding, DA, and in extremis
hostage rescue operations.
The 11 DP's 17eme Regiment de
Genie Parachutiste (17eme
RGP)−(17th Parachute Engineer
Regiment contains several elite
sub−units, which are grouped into
two platoons within the support
company.
The 17eme's Section de Rechercheet
d'Actions Special (SRAS)−(Special
Actions and Search Section) is
divided into two sections, the
Detachment de Liaison et de
Reconnaissance de Genie (DLRG)−
(Engineer Recon and Liaison
Detachment), and the Groupe de
Recherche Specialise
(GRS)−(Specialized Search Group).
The GRS is subdivided into two
units.The first is the Neutralisation et
Destruction des Explosifs
(NEDEX)−(Neutralization and
Destruction of Explosives) section
which performs EOD duties for the
unit. GRS has provided EOD teams
5/9
MILES − Rivista Militare :: Liberati i due francesi ostaggi dei pirati somali. LE FORZE SPECIALI
09/29/16
FRANCESI
16:28:06
to support a number of COS
operations in both Africa and
Europe. The second unit is Unite
Cynophile (Dog Unit), which uses
specially trained dogs to detect
explosives.
The second unit is the Section
Natique d'Intervention Offensive
(SNIO)−(Offensive Nautical
Intervention Section), which a
parachute and combat diver trained
unit of engineers. they conduct beach
recon, engineer recon, and direct
action operations. They have also
operated in support of COS.
The 2 Regiment Parachutiste
d'Infantry de Marine (2er RPIMa)
also maintains a small Platoon de
Commandos
Parachutiste(PCP)−(Parachute
Commando Platoon) within it its
headquarters company.
Marine Nationale units
The Groupe de
Plongeurs−Demineurs (GPD)−(Mine
Clearnace Divers Group) is the
French Navy's EOD unit. They are
alos capble of operating in support of
French maritime CT units.
Legion Entrangere units
2er Regiment Etranger de
Parachutists (2er REP)−(2nd Foreign
Parachute Regiment)− is one of the
French military's quick reaction
units. It operates under the
administrative of the 11 DP. Each of
its combat companies specializes in
a differant type of combat.
1st Co.− Anti−tank, urban, and night
combat
2nd Co.− Amphibious operations
3rd Co.− Montain warfare
4th Co.− Snipers, and demolition
5th Co.− Maintenance
The Compagnie d'Eclairage et
d'Appui (CEA)−(Recon and Support
Company)
6/9
MILES − Rivista Militare :: Liberati i due francesi ostaggi dei pirati somali. LE FORZE SPECIALI
09/29/16
FRANCESI
16:28:06
The Compagnie de Commandement
et de Soutien (CCS)(Command and
Services Company)
The Detachment d'Intervention
Operationale
Subaquatique(DINOPS)−(Underwater
Operations and Intervention
Detachment) is a parachute, and
combat diver trained sapper unit
assigned to the 6eme Regiment
Etranger de Genie(6e REG)− (6th
Foreign Enginner Regiment). The
unit conducts underwater demolition
operations; EOD operations;
sabotage operations; beach recon;
engineer recon; and assists other
during river crossings.
Gendarmerie Special Units
The Gendarmarie nationale
maintains three specialized units that
fall under the control of the
Groupement Speciale d'Intervention
de la Gendarmerie
Nationale(GSIGN)−(Special
Intervetion Group of the National
Gendermarie).
TheGroupement d'Intervention de la
Gendarmarie
Nationale(GIGN)−(National
Gendarmerie Intervention Group) is
the French national counter terrorist
unit, and is widely considerd one the
world's primer CT units.
The Escadron Parachutiste
d'Intervention de la Gendarmarie
Nationale(EPIGN)−(National
Gendarmerie Parachute Intervention
Squadron) is less well known than
GIGN, but no less capable. The unit
is composed of specially trained
Gendarmarie military police. EPIGN
supports GIGN, and conducts
independant CT and counter
insurgency(CI) operations.
TheGroupe de Securite du President
de la Republique(GSPR)−(President
of the Republic Security Group) is
the French Secert Service, and is
7/9
MILES − Rivista Militare :: Liberati i due francesi ostaggi dei pirati somali. LE FORZE SPECIALI
09/29/16
FRANCESI
16:28:06
responsible for protecting the French
President. The unit was originally
formed from members of GIGN.
National Police Special Units
Reaction, Assistance, Intervention
Dissauder (RAID)−(Reaction,
Assistance, Intervention, Dissuasion)
is the French National Police unit.
The unit has been very actice over
the last few years, dealing with a
wave of Islamic sponcerd terrorist
attacks on French soil.
Groupement Intervention Police
Nationale(GIPN)−(National Police
Intervention Group) The National
police maintain nine "intervention
groups" throughout the country, and
French territoies. They are
responsible for handling viloent
crimes such as, hostage situations,
bank robberies, barricaded suspects,
and other situations that normal
officers are not trained to handle.
Direction General de la Securite
Exterieure (DGSE)
The DGSE(General Directorate for
External Security) maintains several
units and training centers throughout
France. The units operate under the
control of DGSE's Division Action
(Action Divsion), and are
responsible for conducting special
operations in support of French
intelligence and security agencies;
counducting counter terrorist
opertions; providing training to
governments allied to France; and
providing support to paramilitary
forces operating under French
control. The Action Divsion is
divided in to three branches:
Air Support
Commandos
Naval Operations
Air Support is provided by the
Escadrille du Groupe Aerien Mixte
56 (GAM 56)−(Mixed Air Squadron
8/9
MILES − Rivista Militare :: Liberati i due francesi ostaggi dei pirati somali. LE FORZE SPECIALI
09/29/16
FRANCESI
16:28:06
56).
In 1995 the 11eme Regiment
Parachutiste de Choc (11e
Choc)−(11th Shock Parachute
Regiment) was disbanded, and its
tasks divided among three "stations"
operating under DGSE control.
The Centre Parachutiste
d'Entrainement aux Operations
Maritimes(CPEOM)−(Parachute and
Maritime Operations Training
Center)− is DGSE's maritime
operations unit.
9/9

Documenti analoghi