Comparative Constitutional Law of Groups and Minorities

Transcript

Comparative Constitutional Law of Groups and Minorities
Comparative Constitutional Law
of Groups and Minorities
Jens Woelk
University of Trento – Law School
School of International Studies
“Yes“???
Scotland‘s “Two Futures: Vote YES on 18th September 2014“:
Video of the Campaign for Independence:
http://youtu.be/G4v6oNrd7ys
South Tyrol – Südtirol – Alto Adige
“Südtiroler Freiheit“ – South Tyrolean Freedom“:
Campaign for a Referendum on Self-Determination:
http://www.suedtiroler-freiheit.com/www-selbstbestimmung-com-jetzt-amselbstbestimmungs-referendum-teilnehmen-2/
Videospot: http://video.gelocal.it/altoadige/locale/il-sudtirol-non-e-piu-italianuova-provocazione-di-eva-klotz/18067/18076
Swimming Lessons at School:
Mandatory? With “Burqini“???
• Germany: Judgment Federal Administrative Court
(BVerwG), 11 September 2013
•
Islamic Clothing Website: http://www.eastessence.com/islamicclothing/?search=Burqini&gclid=CIHM4-bez7kCFUld3godV1QAog
Equality and Diversity
Art. 2 TEU (Lisbon, 1.12.2009)
The Union is founded on the values
of respect for human dignity,
freedom, democracy, equality, the
rule of law and respect for human
rights, including the rights of
persons belonging to minorities.
These values are common to the
Member States in a society in which
pluralism, non-discrimination,
tolerance, justice, solidarity and
equality between women and men
prevail.
Woelk
Minority Rights
5
09/2010: Expulsions of Sinti and Rom
Woelk
Minority Rights
6
Burqua Ban?
Belgium, France (2010)
Woelk
Minority Rights
7
Mosques in Western Europe?
FE
Woelk
R
A
Minority Rights
8
Place Names in South Tyrol
• Bilinguism (101 Aut.St.)
• Provincial Power to legislate
• “Fascist inventions!“
• Macro- vs. Micro-toponyms???
Gruppi Facebook:
COMITATO PER LA DIFESA DELLA
TOPONOMASTICA ITALIANA IN ALTO ADIGE
alto adige agli italiani
Woelk
Minority Rights
9
Post-Belgium?
http://bigthink.com/ideas/21063
Woelk
Minority Rights
10
Kosovo/a
Woelk
Minority Rights
11
Minority-Protection: Objectives
•
•
•
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(respect of) human dignity
prevention of conflicts
preservation of group-identity and of diversity
inter-cultural society
conflict/controversies are natural in pluralistic and
democratic societies
inclusive procedures for dialogue and decision-making
cultural diversity as mutual enrichment
Woelk
Minority Rights
12

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