The Palladium-Catalysed Copper-Free Sonogashira Coupling of

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The Palladium-Catalysed Copper-Free Sonogashira Coupling of
Supplementary Material (ESI) for Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
This journal is (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry 2008
Electronic Supplementary Information For:
The Palladium-Catalysed Copper-Free Sonogashira Coupling of
Isoindoline Nitroxides: A Convenient Route to Robust Profluorescent
Carbon-Carbon Frameworks
Daniel J. Keddie, Kathryn E. Fairfull-Smith and Steven E. Bottle*
ARC Centre of Excellence for Free Radical Chemistry and Biotechnology, Queensland
University of Technology, Brisbane 4001
Australia
R1
R1
N O
N O
Si
R2
8
R3
1 R1 = H, R2 = Br
2 R1 = NO2, R2 = Br
3 R1 = H, R2 = I
4 R1= H,
R3 =
Si
5 R1= NO2, R3 =
HO
9
1
6 R = H,
3
R =
HO
7 R1= H,
R3 =
10
Scheme S1.
Sonogashira coupling of isoindoline nitroxides
Supplementary Material (ESI) for Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
This journal is (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry 2008
Table S1. Full details of experimental conditions attempted for Sonogashira couplings of
halogenated isoindoline nitroxides and alkynes
Entry
Nitroxide
Alkyne
Catalyst system/Solvent
Conditions
Product
Isolated
Yield (%)
1
1
8 (1.2 equiv)
Pd(PPh3)2Cl2 (2 mol%),
CuI 0.5 mol%), Et3N
rt, Ar,
72 h
4
0
2
1
10 (2 equiv)
Pd(PPh3)2Cl2 (2 mol%),
CuI 10 mol%), Et3N
rt, Ar,
96 h
7
0
3
1
8 (1.2 equiv)
Pd(PPh3)2Cl2 (2 mol%),
CuI 0.5 mol%), Et3N
90 °C, Ar,
72 h
4
0
4
1
10 (2 equiv)
Pd(PPh3)2Cl2 (2 mol%),
CuI 10 mol%), Et3N
90 °C, Ar,
96 h
7
0
5
2
8 (1.2 equiv)
Pd(PPh3)2Cl2 (2 mol%),
CuI 0.5 mol%), Et3N
rt, Ar,
72 h
5
0
6
2
8 (1.2 equiv)
Pd(PPh3)2Cl2 (2 mol%),
CuI 0.5 mol%), Et3N
90 °C, Ar,
72 h
5
0
7
1
8 (5 equiv)
Pd(OAc)2 (2.5 mol%),
DABCO (3 equiv), MeCN
50 °C, air,
72 h
4
<5
8
2
8 (5 equiv)
Pd(OAc)2 (2.5 mol%),
DABCO (3 equiv), MeCN
50 °C, air,
72 h
5
<5
9
1
8 (5 equiv)
Pd(OAc)2 (2.5 mol%),
DABCO (3 equiv), MeCN
80 °C, air,
72 h
4
<5
10
2
8 (5 equiv)
Pd(OAc)2 (2.5 mol%),
DABCO (3 equiv), MeCN
80 °C, air,
72 h
5
<5
11
1
8 (5 equiv)
Pd(OAc)2 (2.5 mol%),
DABCO (3 equiv), MeCN
80 °C, Ar,
72 h
4
5
12
2
8 (5 equiv)
Pd(OAc)2 (2.5 mol%),
DABCO (3 equiv), MeCN
80 °C, Ar,
72 h
5
9
13
1
9 (5 equiv)
Pd(OAc)2 (2.5 mol%),
DABCO (3 equiv), MeCN
80 °C, Ar,
72 h
6
<5
Supplementary Material (ESI) for Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
This journal is (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry 2008
14
1
10 (2 equiv)
Pd(OAc)2 (2.5 mol%),
DABCO (3 equiv), MeCN
80 °C, Ar, 72
h
7
<5
15
1
8 (5 equiv)
Pd(OAc)2 (10 mol%),
DABCO (3 equiv), MeCN
80 °C, Ar,
72 h
4
<5a
16
1
8 (5 equiv)
Pd(OAc)2 (2.5 mol%), PPh3 (4
mol%), K2CO3 (2 equiv), MeCN
80 °C, Ar,
72 h
4
0a
17
1
8 (20 equiv)
Pd(OAc)2 (2.5 mol%),
DABCO (3 equiv), MeCN
80 °C, Ar,
72 h
4
8a
18
1
8 (20 equiv)
Pd(OAc)2 (2.5 mol%),
DABCO (3 equiv), MeCN
100 °C, Ar,
72 h
4
<5a
19
1
8 (20 equiv)
Pd(OAc)2 (2.5 mol%),
DABCO (3 equiv), DMF
100 °C, Ar,
72 h
4
0a
20
1
8 (50 equiv)
Pd(OAc)2 (2.5 mol%),
DABCO (3 equiv), MeCN
100 °C, Ar,
72 h
4
<5a
21
1
8 (50 equiv)
Pd(OAc)2 (2.5 mol%),
DABCO (3 equiv), DMF
100 °C, Ar,
72 h
4
0a
22
1
8 (20 equiv)
Pd(OAc)2 (2.5 mol%),
DABCO (3 equiv), DMF
130 °C, Ar,
72 h
4
0a
23
1
8 (50 equiv)
Pd(OAc)2 (2.5 mol%),
DABCO (3 equiv), DMF
130 °C, Ar,
72 h
4
0a
24
3
8 (5 equiv)
Pd(OAc)2 (2.5 mol%),
DABCO (3 equiv), MeCN
80 °C, Ar,
24 h
4
92
25
3
9 (5 equiv)
Pd(OAc)2 (2.5 mol%),
DABCO (3 equiv), MeCN
80 °C, Ar,
24 h
6
78
26
3
10 (5 equiv)
Pd(OAc)2 (2.5 mol%),
DABCO (3 equiv), MeCN
80 °C, Ar,
24 h
7
96
a
Yield determined by HPLC, product not isolated

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